07/10/15

New publication on clusters, R&D subsidies, and knowledge networks

My paper, „Another cluster premium: Innovation subsidies and R&D collaboration networks“, has been published in Research Policy. The paper is co-authored by Dirk Fornahl (University of Bremen) and Andrea Morrison (Utrecht University). It can be downloaded here.

Abstract

This paper investigates the allocation of R&D subsidies with a focus on the granting success of firms located in clusters. On this basis it is evaluated whether firms in these clusters are differently embedded into networks of subsidized R&D collaboration than firms located elsewhere. The theoretical arguments are empirically tested using the example of the German biotechnology firms’ participation in the 6th EU-Framework Programmes and national R&D subsidization schemes in the early 2000s.

We show that clusters grant firms another premium to their location, as they are more likely to receive funds from the EU-Framework Programmes and hold more favorable positions in national knowledge networks based on subsidies for joint R&D.

06/29/15

New publication on Joint R&D subsidies, related variety, and regional innovation

The paper, „Joint R and D subsidies, related variety, and regional innovation“, has been published in International Regional Science Review. The paper is co-authored by Matthias Brachert, Matthias Duschl, and Thomas Brenner.

Abstract:

Subsidies for R&D are an important tool of public R&D policy, which motivates extensive scientific analyses and evaluations. The paper adds to this literature by arguing that the effects of R&D subsidies go beyond the extension of organizations’ monetary resources invested into R&D. It is argued that collaboration induced by subsidized joint R&D projects yield significant effects that are missed in traditional analyses.An empirical study on the level of German labor market regions substantiates this claim showing that collaborative R&D subsidies impact regions’ innovation growth when providing access to related variety and embedding regions into central positions in cross-regional knowledge networks.

It can be downloaded here.

03/16/15

Working Paper on Intersectoral Technological Complementarity

Schnappschuss (2015-03-16 21.48.54)The working paper, title „The Structure and Evolution of Intersectoral Technological Complementarity in R&D in Germany from 1990 to 2011„, can be downloaded here. It is co-authored by Matthias Brachert (Halle Institute of Economic Research).

Abstract: Technological complementarity is argued to be a crucial element for effective Research and Development (R&D) collaboration. The real structure is, however, still largely un- known. Based on the argument that organizations’ knowledge resources must fit for enabling collective learning and innovation, we use the co-occurrence of firms in collaborative R&D projects in Germany to assess inter-sectoral technological complementarity between 129 sectors. Based on the argument that organizations’ knowledge resources must fit for enabling collective learning and innovation, we use the co-occurrence of firms in collaborative R&D projects in Germany to assess inter-sectoral technological complementarity between 129 sectors. The results are mapped as complementarity space for the Germany economy. The space and its dynamics from 1990 to 2011 are analyzed by means of social network analysis.

The results illustrate sectors being complements both from a dyadic and portfolio/ network perspective. This latter is important, as complementarities may only become fully effective when integrated in a complete set of different knowledge resources from multiple sectors. The dynamic perspective moreover reveals the shifting demand for knowledge resources among sectors at different time periods.